Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||On the Serendipitous Discovery of a Li-rich Giant in the Globular Cluster NGC 362||Authors:||D'ORAZI, VALENTINA
Angelou, George C.
Lattanzio, John C.
AL MOMANY, YAZAN
SOLLIMA, ANTONIO LUIGI
|Issue Date:||2015||Journal:||THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL||Number:||801||Issue:||2||First Page:||L32||Abstract:||We have serendipitously identified the first lithium-rich giant star located close to the red giant branch bump in a globular cluster. Through intermediate-resolution FLAMES spectra we derived a lithium abundance of A(Li) = 2.55 (assuming local thermodynamical equilibrium), which is extremely high considering the star’s evolutionary stage. Kinematic and photometric analysis confirm the object as a member of the globular cluster NGC 362. This is the fourth Li-rich giant discovered in a globular cluster, but is the only one known to exist at a luminosity close to the bump magnitude. The three previous detections are clearly more evolved, located close to, or beyond, the tip of their red giant branch. Our observations are able to discard the accretion of planets/brown dwarfs, as well as an enhanced mass-loss mechanism as a formation channel for this rare object. While the star sits just above the cluster bump luminosity, its temperature places it toward the blue side of the giant branch in the color-magnitude diagram. We require further dedicated observations to unambiguously identify the star as a red giant: we are currently unable to confirm whether Li production has occurred at the bump of the luminosity function or if the star is on the pre-zero-age horizontal branch. The latter scenario provides the opportunity for the star to have synthesized Li rapidly during the core helium flash or gradually during its red giant branch ascent via some extra mixing process. <P />Based on observations taken with ESO telescopes under program 094.D-0363(A).||Acknowledgments:||This work made extensive use of the SIMBAD, Vizier, and NASA ADS databases. We acknowledge partial support by the Australian Research Council (ARC), PRIN INAF 2011 “Multiple populations in globular clusters: their role in the Galaxy assembly” (PI: E. Carretta) and PRIN MIUR 2010-2011 “The Chemical and Dynamical Evolution of the Milky Way and Local Group Galaxies” (prot. 2010LY5N2T; PI: F. Matteucci). The research leading to the presented results has received funding from the European Research Council under the European Community’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) / ERC grant agreement No. 338251 (StellarAges). We thank the referee, Piercarlo Bonifacio, for very helpful and valuable comments and suggestions.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12386/23278||URL:||https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/2041-8205/801/2/L32||ISSN:||0004-637X||DOI:||10.1088/2041-8205/801/2/L32||Bibcode ADS:||2015ApJ...801L..32D||Fulltext:||open|
|Appears in Collections:||1.01 Articoli in rivista|
Show full item record
Files in This Item:
|153_dorazi_lirich_362_2015.pdf||pdf editoriale||286.91 kB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
checked on Oct 24, 2020
checked on Oct 24, 2020
Items in DSpace are published in Open Access, unless otherwise indicated.