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|Title:||Ultra-deep GEMINI Near-infrared Observations of the Bulge Globular Cluster NGC 6624||Authors:||Saracino, S.
Ferraro, F. R.
Cohen, R. E.
Moni Bidin, C.
|Issue Date:||2016||Journal:||THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL||Number:||832||Issue:||1||First Page:||48||Abstract:||We used ultra-deep J and K <SUB> s </SUB> images secured with the near-infrared (NIR) GSAOI camera assisted by the multi-conjugate adaptive optics system GeMS at the GEMINI South Telescope in Chile, to obtain a (K <SUB> s </SUB>, J - K <SUB> s </SUB>) color-magnitude diagram (CMD) for the bulge globular cluster NGC 6624. We obtained the deepest and most accurate NIR CMD from the ground for this cluster, by reaching K <SUB> s </SUB> ∼ 21.5, approximately 8 mag below the horizontal branch level. The entire extension of the Main Sequence (MS) is nicely sampled and at K <SUB> s </SUB> ∼ 20 we detected the so-called MS “knee” in a purely NIR CMD. By taking advantage of the exquisite quality of the data, we estimated the absolute age of NGC 6624 (t <SUB>age</SUB> = 12.0 ± 0.5 Gyr), which turns out to be in good agreement with previous studies in the literature. We also analyzed the luminosity and mass functions of MS stars down to M ∼ 0.45 M<SUB>☉</SUB>, finding evidence of a significant increase of low-mass stars at increasing distances from the cluster center. This is a clear signature of mass segregation, confirming that NGC 6624 is in an advanced stage of dynamical evolution. <P />Based on observations obtained at the Gemini Observatory, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under a cooperative agreement with the NSF on behalf of the Gemini partnership: the National Science Foundation (United States), the National Research Council (Canada), CONICYT (Chile), the Australian Research Council (Australia), Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação (Brazil) and Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación Productiva (Argentina). Based on observations gathered with ESO-VISTA telescope (program ID 179.B-2002).||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12386/26228||URL:||https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/0004-637X/832/1/48||ISSN:||0004-637X||DOI:||10.3847/0004-637X/832/1/48||Bibcode ADS:||2016ApJ...832...48S||Fulltext:||open|
|Appears in Collections:||1.01 Articoli in rivista|
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