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|Title:||P-MaNGA Galaxies: emission-lines properties - gas ionization and chemical abundances from prototype observations||Authors:||BELFIORE, FRANCESCO MICHEL CONCETTO
Sánchez, S. F.
Blanc, G. A.
Cales, S. L.
|Issue Date:||2015||Journal:||MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY||Number:||449||Issue:||1||First Page:||867||Abstract:||MaNGA (Mapping Nearby Galaxies at Apache Point Observatory) is a 6-yr Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-IV) survey that will obtain spatially resolved spectroscopy from 3600 to 10 300 Å for a representative sample of over 10 000 nearby galaxies. In this paper, we present the analysis of nebular emission-line properties using observations of 14 galaxies obtained with P-MaNGA, a prototype of the MaNGA instrument. By using spatially resolved diagnostic diagrams, we find extended star formation in galaxies that are centrally dominated by Seyfert/LINER-like emission, which illustrates that galaxy characterizations based on single fibre spectra are necessarily incomplete. We observe extended low ionization nuclear emission-line regions (LINER)-like emission (up to 1R<SUB>e</SUB>) in the central regions of three galaxies. We make use of the Hα equivalent width [EW(Hα)] to argue that the observed emission is consistent with ionization from hot evolved stars. We derive stellar population indices and demonstrate a clear correlation between D<SUB>n</SUB>(4000) and EW(Hδ<SUB>A</SUB>) and the position in the ionization diagnostic diagram: resolved galactic regions which are ionized by a Seyfert/LINER-like radiation field are also devoid of recent star formation and host older and/or more metal-rich stellar populations. We also detect extraplanar LINER-like emission in two highly inclined galaxies, and identify it with diffuse ionized gas. We investigate spatially resolved metallicities and find a positive correlation between metallicity and star formation rate surface density. We further study the relation between N/O versus O/H on resolved scales. We find that, at given N/O, regions within individual galaxies are spread towards lower metallicities, deviating from the sequence defined by galactic central regions as traced by Sloan 3-arcsec fibre spectra. We suggest that the observed dispersion can be a tracer for gas flows in galaxies: infalls of pristine gas and/or the effect of a galactic fountain.||Acknowledgments:||We acknowledge Cheng Li and Enci Wang for their contributions to the analysis of the stellar population indices. We thank Michele Cappellari and the referee for their insightful comments. This work was supported by the STFC, UK and World Premier International Research Center Initiative (WPI Initiative), MEXT, Japan. Funding for SDSS-III and SDSS-IV has been provided by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation and Participating Institutions. Additional funding for SDSS-III comes from the National Science Foundation and the US Department of Energy Office of Science. Further information about both projects is available at www.sdss3.org . SDSS is managed by the Astrophysical Research Consortium for the Participating Institutions in both collaborations. In SDSS-III, these include the University of Arizona, the Brazilian Participation Group, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Carnegie Mellon University, University of Florida, the French Participation Group, the German Participation Group, Harvard University, the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, the Michigan State/Notre Dame/JINA Participation Group, Johns Hopkins University, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics, Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, New Mexico State University, New York University, Ohio State University, Pennsylvania State University, University of Portsmouth, Princeton University, the Spanish Participation Group, University of Tokyo, University of Utah, Vanderbilt University, University of Virginia, University of Washington, and Yale University. The Participating Institutions in SDSS-IV are Carnegie Mellon University, University of Colorado Boulder, Harvard–Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics Participation Group, Johns Hopkins University, Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astrophysik (MPA Garching), Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik (MPE), Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astronomie (MPIA Heidelberg), National Astronomical Observatory of China, New Mexico State University, New York University, The Ohio State University, Pennsylvania State University, Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, United Kingdom Participation Group, University of Portsmouth, University of Utah, University of Wisconsin, and Yale University.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12386/29572||URL:||https://academic.oup.com/mnras/article/449/1/867/1316592||ISSN:||0035-8711||DOI:||10.1093/mnras/stv296||Bibcode ADS:||2015MNRAS.449..867B||Fulltext:||open|
|Appears in Collections:||1.01 Articoli in rivista|
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checked on Jun 19, 2021
checked on Jun 19, 2021
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