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|Title:||Ophiuchus: An optical view of a very massive cluster of galaxies hidden behind the Milky Way||Authors:||Durret, F.
|Issue Date:||2015||Journal:||ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS||Number:||583||First Page:||A124||Abstract:||The Ophiuchus cluster, at a redshift z=0.0296, is known from X-rays to be one of the most massive nearby clusters, but due to its very low Galactic latitude its optical properties have not been investigated in detail. We discuss the optical properties of the galaxies in the Ophiuchus cluster, in particular with the aim of understanding better its dynamical properties. We have obtained deep optical imaging in several bands with various telescopes, and applied a sophisticated method to model and subtract the contributions of stars in order to measure galaxy magnitudes as accurately as possible. The colour-magnitude relations obtained show that there are hardly any blue galaxies in Ophiuchus (at least brighter than r'<=19.5), and this is confirmed by the fact that we only detect two galaxies in Halpha. We also obtained a number of spectra with ESO-FORS2, that we combined with previously available redshifts. Altogether, we have 152 galaxies with spectroscopic redshifts in the 0.02<=z<=0.04 range, and 89 galaxies with both a redshift within the cluster redshift range and a measured r' band magnitude (limited to the Megacam 1x1 deg^2 field). A complete dynamical analysis based on the galaxy redshifts available shows that the overall cluster is relaxed and has a mass of 1.1x10^15 solar masses. The Sernal-Gerbal method detects a main structure and a much smaller substructure that are not separated in projection. From its dynamical properties derived from optical data, the Ophiuchus cluster seems to be overall a relaxed structure, or at most a minor merger, though in X-rays the central region (radius ~ 150 kpc) may show evidence for merging effects.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12386/24471||URL:||https://www.aanda.org/articles/aa/abs/2015/11/aa26531-15/aa26531-15.html||ISSN:||0004-6361||DOI:||10.1051/0004-6361/201526531||Bibcode ADS:||2015A&A...583A.124D||Fulltext:||open|
|Appears in Collections:||1.01 Articoli in rivista|
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checked on Sep 20, 2020
checked on Sep 20, 2020
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