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|Title:||Hydrodynamical simulations of the tidal stripping of binary stars by massive black holes||Authors:||Mainetti, Deborah
|Issue Date:||2016||Journal:||MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY||Number:||457||Issue:||3||First Page:||2516||Abstract:||In a galactic nucleus, a star on a low angular momentum orbit around the central massive black hole can be fully or partially disrupted by the black hole tidal field, lighting up the compact object via gas accretion. This phenomenon can repeat if the star, not fully disrupted, is on a closed orbit. Because of the multiplicity of stars in binary systems, also binary stars may experience in pairs such a fate, immediately after being tidally separated. The consumption of both the binary components by the black hole is expected to power a double-peaked flare. In this paper, we perform for the first time, with GADGET2, a suite of smoothed particle hydrodynamics simulations of binary stars around a galactic central black hole in the Newtonian regime. We show that accretion luminosity light curves from double tidal disruptions reveal a more prominent knee, rather than a double peak, when decreasing the impact parameter of the encounter and when elevating the difference between the mass of the star which leaves the system after binary separation and the mass of the companion. The detection of a knee can anticipate the onset of periodic accretion luminosity flares if one of the stars, only partially disrupted, remains bound to the black hole after binary separation. Thus knees could be precursors of periodic flares, which can then be predicted, followed up and better modelled. Analytical estimates in the black hole mass range 10<SUP>5</SUP>-10<SUP>8</SUP> M<SUB>☉</SUB> show that the knee signature is enhanced in the case of black holes of mass 10<SUP>6</SUP>-10<SUP>7</SUP> M<SUB>☉</SUB>.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12386/25185||URL:||https://academic.oup.com/mnras/article/457/3/2516/2588981||ISSN:||0035-8711||DOI:||10.1093/mnras/stw197||Bibcode ADS:||2016MNRAS.457.2516M||Fulltext:||open|
|Appears in Collections:||1.01 Articoli in rivista|
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checked on Sep 30, 2020
checked on Sep 30, 2020
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