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|Title:||A revised analysis of gamma-ray bursts' prompt efficiencies||Authors:||Beniamini, Paz
|Issue Date:||2016||Journal:||MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY||Number:||461||Issue:||1||First Page:||51||Abstract:||The prompt gamma-ray bursts' (GRBs) efficiency is an important clue on the emission mechanism producing the γ-rays. Previous estimates of the kinetic energy of the blast waves, based on the X-ray afterglow luminosity L<SUB>X</SUB>, suggested that this efficiency is large, with values above 90 per cent in some cases. This poses a problem to emission mechanisms and in particular to the internal shocks model. These estimates are based, however, on the assumption that the X-ray emitting electrons are fast cooling and that their Inverse Compton (IC) losses are negligible. The observed correlations between L<SUB>X</SUB> (and hence the blast wave energy) and E<SUB>γ, iso</SUB>, the isotropic equivalent energy in the prompt emission, has been considered as observational evidence supporting this analysis. It is reasonable that the prompt gamma-ray energy and the blast wave kinetic energy are correlated and the observed correlation corroborates, therefore, the notion L<SUB>X</SUB> is indeed a valid proxy for the latter. Recent findings suggest that the magnetic field in the afterglow shocks is significantly weaker than was earlier thought and its equipartition fraction, ∊<SUB>B</SUB>, could be as low as 10<SUP>-4</SUP> or even lower. Motivated by these findings we reconsider the problem, taking now IC cooling into account. We find that the observed L<SUB>X</SUB> - E<SUB>γ, iso</SUB> correlation is recovered also when IC losses are significant. For small ∊<SUB>B</SUB> values the blast wave must be more energetic and we find that the corresponding prompt efficiency is significantly smaller than previously thought. For example, for ∊<SUB>B</SUB> ∼ 10<SUP>-4</SUP> we infer a typical prompt efficiency of ∼15 per cent.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12386/25228||URL:||https://academic.oup.com/mnras/article/461/1/51/2595292||ISSN:||0035-8711||DOI:||10.1093/mnras/stw1331||Bibcode ADS:||2016MNRAS.461...51B||Fulltext:||open|
|Appears in Collections:||1.01 Articoli in rivista|
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checked on Sep 18, 2020
checked on Sep 18, 2020
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