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|Title:||Paving the way for the JWST: witnessing globular cluster formation at z > 3||Authors:||VANZELLA, Eros
Caminha, G. B.
De Barros, S.
|Issue Date:||2017||Journal:||MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY||Number:||467||Issue:||4||First Page:||4304||Abstract:||We report on five compact, extremely young (<10 Myr) and blue (β<SUB>UV</SUB> < -2.5, F<SUB>λ</SUB> = λ<SUP>β</SUP>) objects observed with VLT/Multi Unit Spectroscopic Explorer at redshifts 3.1169 and 3.235, in addition to three objects at z = 6.145. These sources are strongly magnified (3-40 times) by the Hubble Frontier Field galaxy clusters MACS J0416 and AS1063. Their delensed half-light radii (R<SUB>e</SUB>) are between 16 and 140 pc, the stellar masses are ≃1-20 × 10<SUP>6</SUP> M<SUB>☉</SUB>, the magnitudes are m<SUB>UV</SUB> = 28.8-31.4 (-17 < M<SUB>UV</SUB> < -15) and specific star formation rates can be as large as ∼800 Gyr<SUP>-1</SUP>. Remarkably, the inferred physical properties of two objects are similar to those expected in some globular cluster formation scenarios, representing the best candidate proto-GCs discovered so far. Rest-frame optical high-dispersion spectroscopy of one of them at z = 3.1169 yields a velocity dispersion σ<SUB>v</SUB> ≃ 20 km s<SUP>-1</SUP>, implying a dynamical mass dominated by the stellar mass. Another object at z = 6.145, with delensed M<SUB>UV</SUB> ≃ -15.3 (m<SUB>UV</SUB> ≃ 31.4), shows a stellar mass and a star formation rate surface density consistent with the values expected from popular GC formation scenarios. An additional star-forming region at z = 6.145, with delensed m<SUB>UV</SUB> ≃ 32, a stellar mass of 0.5 × 10<SUP>6</SUP> M<SUB>☉</SUB> and a star formation rate of 0.06 M<SUB>☉</SUB> yr<SUP>-1</SUP> is also identified. These objects currently represent the faintest spectroscopically confirmed star-forming systems at z > 3, elusive even in the deepest blank fields. We discuss how proto-GCs might contribute to the ionization budget of the Universe and augment Lyα visibility during reionization. This work underlines the crucial role of JWST in characterizing the rest-frame optical and near-infrared properties of such low-luminosity high-z objects.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12386/26559||URL:||http://arxiv.org/abs/1612.01526v2||ISSN:||0035-8711||DOI:||10.1093/mnras/stx351||Bibcode ADS:||2017MNRAS.467.4304V||Fulltext:||open|
|Appears in Collections:||1.01 Articoli in rivista|
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checked on Sep 30, 2020
checked on Sep 30, 2020
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