Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||DUSTER: collection of meteoric CaO and carbon smoke particles in the upper stratosphere||Authors:||DELLA CORTE, VINCENZO
Rietmeijer, F. J. M.
|Issue Date:||2016||Journal:||MEMORIE DELLA SOCIETA ASTRONOMICA ITALIANA||Number:||87||First Page:||210||Abstract:||Nanometer- to micrometer-size particles present in the upper stratosphere are a mixture of terrestrial and extra-terrestrial origins. They can be extraterrestrial particles condensed after meteor ablation. Meteoric dust in bolides is occasionally deposited into the lower stratosphere around 20 km altitude. Nanometer CaO and pure carbon smoke particles were collected at 38 km altitude in the upper stratosphere in the Arctic during June 2008 using DUSTER (Dust in the Upper Stratosphere Tracking Experiment and Retrieval), a balloon-borne instrument for the non-destructive collection of solid particles between 200 nm to 40 microns. We report the collection of micron sized CaCO_3 (calcite) grains. Their morphologies show evidence of melting and condensation after vaporization suggest at temperatures of approximately 3500 K. The formation environment of the collected grains was probably a dense dust cloud formed by the disintegration of a carbonaceous meteoroid during deceleration in the Earthï¿½ atmosphere. For the first time, DUSTER collected meteor ablation products that were presumably associated with the disintegration of a bolide crossing the Earth's atmosphere. The collected mostly CaO and pure carbon nanoparticles from the debris cloud of a fireball, included: 1) intact fragments; 2) quenched melted grains; and 3) vapor phase condensation products. <P />The DUSTER project was funded by the Italian Space Agency (ASI), PRIN2008/MIUR (Ministero dell'Istruzione dell'Universitá e della Ricerca), PNRA 2013(Piano Nazionale Ricerca Antartide). CNES graciously provided this flight opportunity. We thank E. Zona and S. Inarta at the Laboratorio di Fisica Cosmica INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte-Universitá di Napoli Parthenope. F.J.M.R. was supported by grant NNX07AI39G from the NASA Cosmochemistry Program. We thank three anonymous reviewers who assisted us in introducing our new instrument.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12386/26574||URL:||http://sait.oat.ts.astro.it/MSAIt870116/index.html||ISSN:||0037-8720||Bibcode ADS:||2016MmSAI..87..210D||Fulltext:||open|
|Appears in Collections:||1.01 Articoli in rivista|
Show full item record
Files in This Item:
|2016MmSAI__87__210D.pdf||postprint||145.5 kB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
checked on Sep 25, 2020
checked on Sep 25, 2020
Items in DSpace are published in Open Access, unless otherwise indicated.