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|Title:||The Star Formation Histories of Disk Galaxies: The Live, the Dead, and the Undead||Authors:||Oemler, Augustus, Jr.
Abramson, Louis E.
Gladders, Michael D.
POGGIANTI, Bianca Maria
|Issue Date:||2017||Journal:||THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL||Number:||844||Issue:||1||First Page:||45||Abstract:||We reexamine the properties of local galaxy populations using published surveys of star formation, structure, and gas content. After recalibrating star formation measures, we are able to reliably measure specific star formation rates well below that of the so-called “main sequence” of star formation versus mass. We find an unexpectedly large population of quiescent galaxies with star formation rates intermediate between the main sequence and passive populations and with disproportionately high star formation rates. We demonstrate that a tight main sequence is a natural outcome of most histories of star formation and has little astrophysical significance but that the quiescent population requires additional astrophysics to explain its properties. Using a simple model for disk evolution based on the observed dependence of star formation on gas content in local galaxies, and assuming simple histories of cold gas inflow, we show that the evolution of galaxies away from the main sequence can be attributed to the depletion of gas due to star formation after a cutoff of gas inflow. The quiescent population is composed of galaxies in which the density of disk gas has fallen below a threshold for star formation probably set by disk stability. The evolution of galaxies beyond the quiescent state to gas exhaustion and the end of star formation requires another process, probably wind-driven mass loss. The environmental dependence of the three galaxy populations is consistent with recent numerical modeling, which indicates that cold gas inflows into galaxies are truncated at earlier epochs in denser environments.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12386/27186||URL:||https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-4357/aa789e||ISSN:||0004-637X||DOI:||10.3847/1538-4357/aa789e||Bibcode ADS:||2017ApJ...844...45O||Fulltext:||open|
|Appears in Collections:||1.01 Articoli in rivista|
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checked on Jan 28, 2021
checked on Jan 28, 2021
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