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|Title:||The Discovery of a Luminous Broad Absorption Line Quasar at a Redshift of 7.02||Authors:||Wang, Feige
Farina, Emanuele P.
Davies, Frederick B.
Hennawi, Joseph F.
McGreer, Ian D.
|Issue Date:||2018||Journal:||THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL||Number:||869||Issue:||1||First Page:||L9||Abstract:||Despite extensive efforts, to date only two quasars have been found at z > 7, due to a combination of low spatial density and high contamination from more ubiquitous Galactic cool dwarfs in quasar selection. This limits our current knowledge of the super-massive black hole growth mechanism and reionization history. In this Letter, we report the discovery of a luminous quasar at z = 7.021, DELS J003836.10-152723.6 (hereafter J0038-1527), selected using photometric data from Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument Legacy Imaging Survey, Pan-STARRS1 (PS1) imaging Survey, as well as Wide-field Infrared Survey Explore mid-infrared all-sky survey. With an absolute magnitude of M <SUB>1450</SUB> = -27.1 and bolometric luminosity of L <SUB>Bol</SUB> = 5.6 × 10<SUP>13</SUP> L <SUB>☉</SUB>, J0038-1527 is the most luminous quasar known at z > 7. Deep optical to near-infrared spectroscopic observations suggest that J0038-1527 hosts a 1.3 billion solar mass black hole accreting at the Eddington limit, with an Eddington ratio of 1.25 ± 0.19. The C IV broad emission line of J0038-1527 is blueshifted by more than 3000 km s<SUP>-1</SUP> relative to the quasar systemic redshift. More detailed investigations of the high-quality spectra reveal three extremely high-velocity C IV broad absorption lines with velocity from 0.08 to 0.14 times the speed of light and total “balnicity” index of more than 5000 km s<SUP>-1</SUP>, suggesting the presence of relativistic outflows. J0038-1527 is the first quasar found at the epoch of reionization with such strong outflows, and therefore provides a unique laboratory to investigate active galactic nuclei feedback on the formation and growth of the most massive galaxies in the early universe.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12386/27674||URL:||https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/2041-8213/aaf1d2||ISSN:||0004-637X||DOI:||10.3847/2041-8213/aaf1d2||Bibcode ADS:||2018ApJ...869L...9W||Fulltext:||open|
|Appears in Collections:||1.01 Articoli in rivista|
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