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|Title:||A wide and collimated radio jet in 3C84 on the scale of a few hundred gravitational radii||Authors:||Giovannini, Gabriele
Kovalev, Y. Y.
Anderson, J. M.
Krichbaum, T. P.
Lee, S. -S.
Lisakov, M. M.
Lobanov, A. P.
Sohn, B. W.
Sokolovsky, K. V.
Voitsik, P. A.
Zensus, J. A.
|Issue Date:||2018||Journal:||NATURE ASTRONOMY||Number:||2||Issue:||6||First Page:||472||Abstract:||Understanding the formation of relativistic jets in active galactic nuclei remains an elusive problem<SUP>1</SUP>. This is partly because observational tests of jet formation models suffer from the limited angular resolution of ground-based very-long-baseline interferometry that has thus far been able to probe the structure of the jet acceleration and collimation region in only two sources<SUP>2,3</SUP>. Here, we report observations of 3C84 (NGC 1275)—the central galaxy of the Perseus cluster—made with an interferometric array including the orbiting radio telescope of the RadioAstron<SUP>4</SUP> mission. The data transversely resolve the edge-brightened jet in 3C84 only 30 μas from the core, which is ten times closer to the central engine than was possible in previous ground-based observations<SUP>5</SUP> and allows us to measure the jet collimation profile from 10<SUP>2</SUP> to 10<SUP>4</SUP> gravitational radii (r<SUB>g</SUB>) from the black hole. The previously found<SUP>5</SUP>, almost cylindrical jet profile on scales larger than a few thousand r<SUB>g</SUB> is seen to continue at least down to a few hundred r<SUB>g</SUB> from the black hole, and we find a broad jet with a transverse radius of ≳250 r<SUB>g</SUB> at only 350 r<SUB>g</SUB> from the core. This implies that either the bright outer jet layer goes through a very rapid lateral expansion on scales ≲10<SUP>2</SUP> r<SUB>g</SUB> or it is launched from the accretion disk.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12386/28235||URL:||https://www.nature.com/articles/s41550-018-0431-2||ISSN:||2397-3366||DOI:||10.1038/s41550-018-0431-2||Bibcode ADS:||2018NatAs...2..472G||Fulltext:||open|
|Appears in Collections:||1.01 Articoli in rivista|
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checked on Jan 19, 2021
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