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|Title:||Cosmic ray driven Galactic winds||Authors:||Recchia, S.
|Issue Date:||2016||Journal:||MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY||Number:||462||Issue:||4||First Page:||4227||Abstract:||The escape of cosmic rays from the Galaxy leads to a gradient in the cosmic ray pressure that acts as a force on the background plasma, in the direction opposite to the gravitational pull. If this force is large enough to win against gravity, a wind can be launched that removes gas from the Galaxy, thereby regulating several physical processes, including star formation. The dynamics of these cosmic ray driven winds is intrinsically non-linear in that the spectrum of cosmic rays determines the characteristics of the wind (velocity, pressure, magnetic field) and in turn the wind dynamics affects the cosmic ray spectrum. Moreover, the gradient of the cosmic ray distribution function causes excitation of Alfvén waves, that in turn determines the scattering properties of cosmic rays, namely their diffusive transport. These effects all feed into each other so that what we see at the Earth is the result of these non-linear effects. Here, we investigate the launch and evolution of such winds, and we determine the implications for the spectrum of cosmic rays by solving together the hydrodynamical equations for the wind and the transport equation for cosmic rays under the action of self-generated diffusion and advection with the wind and the self-excited Alfvén waves.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12386/28492||URL:||https://academic.oup.com/mnras/article/462/4/4227/2589981||ISSN:||0035-8711||DOI:||10.1093/mnras/stw1966||Bibcode ADS:||2016MNRAS.462.4227R||Fulltext:||open|
|Appears in Collections:||1.01 Articoli in rivista|
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