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|Title:||No evidence for intermediate-mass black holes in the globular clusters ω Cen and NGC 6624||Authors:||Baumgardt, H.
Sweet, S. M.
SOLLIMA, ANTONIO LUIGI
Husser, T. -O.
|Issue Date:||2019||Journal:||MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY||Number:||488||Issue:||4||First Page:||5340||Abstract:||We compare the results of a large grid of N-body simulations with the surface brightness and velocity dispersion profiles of the globular clusters ω Cen and NGC 6624. Our models include clusters with varying stellar-mass black hole retention fractions and varying masses of a central intermediate-mass black hole (IMBH). We find that an ∼ 45 000 M<SUB>☉</SUB> IMBH, whose presence has been suggested based on the measured velocity dispersion profile of ω Cen, predicts the existence of about 20 fast-moving, m > 0.5 M<SUB>☉</SUB>, main-sequence stars with a (1D) velocity v > 60 km s<SUP>-1</SUP> in the central 20 arcsec of ω Cen. However, no such star is present in the HST/ACS proper motion catalogue of Bellini et al. (2017), strongly ruling out the presence of a massive IMBH in the core of ω Cen. Instead, we find that all available data can be fitted by a model that contains 4.6 per cent of the mass of ω Cen in a centrally concentrated cluster of stellar-mass black holes. We show that this mass fraction in stellar-mass BHs is compatible with the predictions of stellar evolution models of massive stars. We also compare our grid of N-body simulations with NGC 6624, a cluster recently claimed to harbour a 20 000 M<SUB>☉</SUB> black hole based on timing observations of millisecond pulsars. However, we find that models with M<SUB>IMBH</SUB> > 1000 M<SUB>☉</SUB> IMBHs are incompatible with the observed velocity dispersion and surface brightness profile of NGC 6624, ruling out the presence of a massive IMBH in this cluster. Models without an IMBH provide again an excellent fit to NGC 6624.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12386/28914||URL:||https://academic.oup.com/mnras/article/488/4/5340/5539719||ISSN:||0035-8711||DOI:||10.1093/mnras/stz2060||Bibcode ADS:||2019MNRAS.488.5340B||Fulltext:||open|
|Appears in Collections:||1.01 Articoli in rivista|
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checked on Jun 14, 2021
checked on Jun 14, 2021
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