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|Title:||Mass modelling globular clusters in the Gaiaera: a method comparison using mock data from an N-body simulation of M 4||Authors:||Hénault-Brunet, V.
SOLLIMA, ANTONIO LUIGI
Watkins, L. L.
|Issue Date:||2019||Journal:||MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY||Number:||483||Issue:||1||First Page:||1400||Abstract:||As we enter a golden age for studies of internal kinematics and dynamics of Galactic globular clusters (GCs), it is timely to assess the performance of modelling techniques in recovering the mass, mass profile, and other dynamical properties of GCs. Here, we compare different mass-modelling techniques (distribution function (DF)-based models, Jeans models, and a grid of N-body models) by applying them to mock observations from a star-by-star N-body simulation of the GC M 4 by Heggie. The mocks mimic existing and anticipated data for GCs: surface brightness or number density profiles, local stellar mass functions, line-of-sight velocities, and Hubble Space Telescope- and Gaia-like proper motions. We discuss the successes and limitations of the methods. We find that multimass DF-based models, Jeans, and N-body models provide more accurate mass profiles compared to single-mass DF-based models. We highlight complications in fitting the kinematics in the outskirts due to energetically unbound stars associated with the cluster (`potential escapers', captured neither by truncated DF models nor by N-body models of clusters in isolation), which can be avoided with DF-based models including potential escapers, or with Jeans models. We discuss ways to account for mass segregation. For example, three-component DF-based models with freedom in their mass function are a simple alternative to avoid the biases of single-mass models (which systematically underestimate the total mass, half-mass radius, and central density), while more realistic multimass DF-based models with freedom in the remnant content represent a promising avenue to infer the total mass and the mass function of remnants.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12386/28923||URL:||https://academic.oup.com/mnras/article/483/1/1400/5211100||ISSN:||0035-8711||DOI:||10.1093/mnras/sty3187||Bibcode ADS:||2019MNRAS.483.1400H||Fulltext:||open|
|Appears in Collections:||1.01 Articoli in rivista|
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checked on Jun 15, 2021
checked on Jun 15, 2021
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