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|Title:||Warm gas in protostellar outflows. II. Extremely high-velocity emission jet and outflows from OMC-2/3||Authors:||Gómez-Ruiz, A. I.
Menten, K. M.
|Issue Date:||2019||Journal:||ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS||Number:||629||First Page:||A77||Abstract:||Context. OMC-2/3 is one of the nearest embedded cluster-forming regions that includes intermediate-mass protostars at early stages of evolution. A previous CO (3-2) mapping survey towards this region revealed outflow activity related to sources at different evolutionary phases. <BR /> Aims: The present work presents a study of the warm gas in the high-velocity emission from several outflows found in CO (3-2) emission by previous observations, determines their physical conditions, and makes a comparison with previous results in low-mass star-forming regions. <BR /> Methods: We used the CHAMP+ heterodyne array on the APEX telescope to map the CO (6-5) and CO (7-6) emission in the OMC-2 FIR 6 and OMC-3 MMS 1-6 regions, and to observe <SUP>13</SUP>CO (6-5) at selected positions. We analyzed these data together with previous CO (3-2) observations. In addition, we mapped the SiO (5-4) emission in OMC-2 FIR 6. <BR /> Results: The CO (6-5) emission was detected in most of the outflow lobes in the mapped regions, while the CO (7-6) was found mostly in the OMC-3 outflows. In the OMC-3 MMS 5 outflow, a previously undetected extremely high-velocity gas was found in CO (6-5). This extremely high-velocity emission arises from the regions close to the central object MMS 5. Radiative transfer models revealed that the high-velocity gas from MMS 5 outflow consists of gas with n<SUB>H<SUB>2</SUB></SUB> = 10<SUP>4</SUP>-10<SUP>5</SUP> cm<SUP>-3</SUP> and T > 200 K, similar to what is observed in young Class 0 low-mass protostars. For the other outflows, values of n<SUB>H<SUB>2</SUB></SUB> > 10<SUP>4</SUP> cm<SUP>-3</SUP> were found. <BR /> Conclusions: The physical conditions and kinematic properties of the young intermediate-mass outflows presented here are similar to those found in outflows from Class 0 low-mass objects. Due to their excitation requirements, mid - J CO lines are good tracers of extremely high-velocity gas in young outflows likely related to jets. <P />Based on observations acquired with the Atacama Pathfinder Experiment (APEX). APEX is a collaboration between the Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, the European Southern Observatory, and the Onsala Space Observatory.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12386/28926||URL:||https://www.aanda.org/articles/aa/abs/2019/09/aa24156-14/aa24156-14.html||ISSN:||0004-6361||DOI:||10.1051/0004-6361/201424156||Bibcode ADS:||2019A&A...629A..77G||Fulltext:||open|
|Appears in Collections:||1.01 Articoli in rivista|
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checked on Jan 16, 2021
checked on Jan 16, 2021
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