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|Title:||NuSTAR Measurement of Coronal Temperature in Two Luminous, High-redshift Quasars||Authors:||LANZUISI, Giorgio
Brandt, W. N.
|Issue Date:||2019||Journal:||THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS||Number:||875||Issue:||2||First Page:||L20||Abstract:||X-ray emission from AGN is believed to be produced via Comptonization of optical/UV seed photons emitted by the accretion disk, up-scattered by hot electrons in a corona surrounding the black hole. A critical compactness vs. temperature threshold is predicted above which any increase in the source luminosity, for a fixed size, would then generate positron-electron pairs rather than continue heating the coronal plasma. Current observations seem to confirm that all AGN populate the region below this critical line. These models, however, have never been probed by observations in the high-luminosity regime, where the critical line is expected to reach low temperatures. To fill this observational gap, we selected two luminous (log(Lbol)>47.5 erg/s) quasars, 2MASSJ1614346+470420 (z=1.86) and B1422+231 (z=3.62), and obtained XMM-Newton and NuSTAR deep observations for them. We performed detailed spectral analysis of their quasi-simultaneous soft and hard X-ray data, in order to constrain the parameters of their coronae. Using a phenomenological cut-off power-law model, with the inclusion of a reflection component, we derived rest-frame values of the high energy cut-off of Ecut=106+102−37 keV and Ecut=66+17−12 keV, respectively. Comptonization models consistently give as best-fit parameters electron temperatures of ∼45 keV and ∼28 keV, respectively, and optically thick coronae (τ>1). These low coronal temperatures fall in the limited region allowed at these luminosities to avoid runaway pair production.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12386/29266||URL:||https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/2041-8213/ab15dc||ISSN:||2041-8205||DOI:||10.3847/2041-8213/ab15dc||Bibcode ADS:||2019ApJ...875L..20L||Fulltext:||open|
|Appears in Collections:||1.01 Articoli in rivista|
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checked on Jan 22, 2021
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