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|Title:||The VLA-COSMOS 3 GHz Large Project: Cosmic star formation history since z 5||Authors:||Novak, M.
Carilli, C. L.
Le Fèvre, O.
|Issue Date:||2017||Journal:||ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS||Number:||602||First Page:||A5||Abstract:||We make use of the deep Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) COSMOS radio observations at 3 GHz to infer radio luminosity functions of star-forming galaxies up to redshifts of z 5 based on approximately 6000 detections with reliable optical counterparts. This is currently the largest radio-selected sample available out to z 5 across an area of 2 square degrees with a sensitivity of rms ≈ 2.3 μJy beam<SUP>-1</SUP>. By fixing the faint and bright end shape of the radio luminosity function to the local values, we find a strong redshift trend that can be fitted with a pure luminosity evolution L<SUB>1.4 GHz</SUB> ∝ (1 + z)<SUP>(3.16 ± 0.2)-(0.32 ± 0.07)z</SUP>. We estimate star formation rates (SFRs) from our radio luminosities using an infrared (IR)-radio correlation that is redshift dependent. By integrating the parametric fits of the evolved luminosity function we calculate the cosmic SFR density (SFRD) history since z 5. Our data suggest that the SFRD history peaks between 2 < z < 3 and that the ultraluminous infrared galaxies (100 M<SUB>☉</SUB> yr<SUP>-1</SUP> < SFR < 1000 M<SUB>☉</SUB> yr<SUP>-1</SUP>) contribute up to 25% to the total SFRD in the same redshift range. Hyperluminous infrared galaxies (SFR > 1000 M<SUB>☉</SUB> yr<SUP>-1</SUP>) contribute an additional ≲2% in the entire observed redshift range. We find evidence of a potential underestimation of SFRD based on ultraviolet (UV) rest-frame observations of Lyman break galaxies at high redshifts (z ≳ 4) on the order of 15-20%, owing to appreciable star formation in highly dust-obscured galaxies, which might remain undetected in such UV observations.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12386/29738||URL:||https://www.aanda.org/articles/aa/full_html/2017/06/aa29436-16/aa29436-16.html||ISSN:||0004-6361||DOI:||10.1051/0004-6361/201629436||Bibcode ADS:||2017A&A...602A...5N||Fulltext:||open|
|Appears in Collections:||1.01 Articoli in rivista|
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checked on Jan 19, 2021
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