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|Title:||The evolution of CNO isotopes: the impact of massive stellar rotators||Authors:||ROMANO, Donatella
Matteucci, Maria Francesca
Ivison, Rob J.
|Issue Date:||2019||Journal:||MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY||Number:||490||Issue:||2||First Page:||2838||Abstract:||Chemical abundances and abundance ratios measured in galaxies provide precious information about the mechanisms, modes, and time-scales of the assembly of cosmic structures. Yet, the nucleogenesis and chemical evolution of elements heavier than helium are dictated mostly by the physics of the stars and the shape of the stellar mass spectrum. In particular, estimates of CNO isotopic abundances in the hot, dusty media of high-redshift starburst galaxies offer a unique glimpse into the shape of the stellar initial mass function (IMF) in extreme environments that cannot be accessed with direct observations (star counts). Underlying uncertainties in stellar evolution and nucleosynthesis theory, however, may hurt our chances of getting a firm grasp of the IMF in these galaxies. In this work, we adopt new yields for massive stars, covering different initial rotational velocities. First, we implement the new yield set in a well-tested chemical evolution model for the Milky Way. The calibrated model is then adapted to the specific case of a prototype submillimetre galaxy (SMG). We show that, if the formation of fast-rotating stars is favoured in the turbulent medium of violently star-forming galaxies irrespective of metallicity, the IMF needs to be skewed towards high-mass stars in order to explain the CNO isotopic ratios observed in SMGs. If, instead, stellar rotation becomes negligible beyond a given metallicity threshold, as is the case for our own Galaxy, there is no need to invoke a top-heavy IMF in starbursts.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12386/29936||URL:||https://academic.oup.com/mnras/article-abstract/490/2/2838/5580649||ISSN:||0035-8711||DOI:||10.1093/mnras/stz2741||Bibcode ADS:||2019MNRAS.490.2838R||Fulltext:||open|
|Appears in Collections:||1.01 Articoli in rivista|
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checked on Jun 16, 2021
checked on Jun 16, 2021
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