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|Title:||Planar infall of CH3OH gas around Cepheus A HW2||Authors:||SANNA, ALBERTO
van Langevelde, H. J.
Torstensson, K. J. E.
Sobolev, A. M.
|Issue Date:||2017||Journal:||ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS||Number:||603||First Page:||1||Abstract:||Aims: In order to test the nature of an (accretion) disk in the vicinity of Cepheus A HW2, we measured the three-dimensional velocity field of the CH<SUB>3</SUB>OH maser spots, which are projected within 1000 au of the HW2 object, with an accuracy on the order of 0.1 km s<SUP>-1</SUP>. <BR /> Methods: We made use of the European VLBI Network (EVN) to image the 6.7 GHz CH<SUB>3</SUB>OH maser emission toward Cepheus A HW2 with 4.5 milliarcsec resolution (3 au). We observed at three epochs spaced by one year between 2013 and 2015. During the last epoch, in mid-March 2015, we benefited from the newly deployed Sardinia Radio Telescope. <BR /> Results: We show that the CH<SUB>3</SUB>OH velocity vectors lie on a preferential plane for the gas motion with only small deviations of 12° ± 9° away from the plane. This plane is oriented at a position angle of 134° east of north, and inclined by 26° with the line of sight, closely matching the orientation of the previously reported disk-like structure. Knowing the orientation of the equatorial plane, we can reconstruct a face-on view of the CH<SUB>3</SUB>OH gas kinematics onto the plane. CH<SUB>3</SUB>OH maser emission is detected within a radius of 900 au from HW2, and down to a radius of about 300 au, the latter coincident with the extent of the dust emission at 0.9 mm. The velocity field is dominated by an infall component of about 2 km s<SUP>-1</SUP> down to a radius of 300 au, where a rotational component of 4 km s<SUP>-1</SUP> becomes dominant. We discuss the nature of this velocity field and the implications for the enclosed mass. <BR /> Conclusions: These findings directly support the interpretation that the high-density gas and dust emission that surrounds Cepheus A HW2 traces an accretion disk.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12386/30125||URL:||https://www.aanda.org/articles/aa/abs/2017/07/aa30773-17/aa30773-17.html||ISSN:||0004-6361||DOI:||10.1051/0004-6361/201730773||Bibcode ADS:||2017A&A...603A..94S||Fulltext:||open|
|Appears in Collections:||1.01 Articoli in rivista|
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checked on Jun 14, 2021
checked on Jun 14, 2021
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