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|Title:||Search for active lava flows with VIRTIS on Venus Express||Authors:||Mueller, N. T.
|Issue Date:||2017||Journal:||JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH (PLANETS)||Number:||122||Issue:||5||First Page:||1021||Abstract:||The Visible Infrared Thermal Imaging Spectrometer (VIRTIS) instrument on Venus Express observed thermal emission from the surface of Venus at 1 μm wavelength and thus would have detected sufficiently bright incandescent lava flows. No eruptions were detected in the observations between April 2006 and October 2008, covering an area equivalent to 7 times the planets surface on separate days. Models of the cooling of lava flows on Earth are adapted to Venus ambient conditions to predict thermal emission based on effusion rate. Taking into account the blurring of surface thermal emission by the atmosphere, the VIRTIS images would detect eruptions with effusion rates above 500 to 1000 m<SUP>3</SUP>/s. On Earth such eruptions occur but are rare. Based on an eruption rate and duration distribution fitted to historical data of three terrestrial volcanos, we estimate that only a few percent of all eruptions are detectable. With these assumptions the VIRTIS data can constrain the rate of effusive volcanism on Venus to be less than about 300 km<SUP>3</SUP>/yr, at least an order of magnitude higher than existing constraints. There remains a large uncertainty because of unknown properties of lava flows on Venus. Resolving flows in radar imaging and their thickness in altimetry might help to better constrain these properties. While VIRTIS data do not represent a significant constraint on volcanism, an optimized instrument with a 20 times better signal-to-noise ratio would likely be able to detect effusion rates on the order of 50 m<SUP>3</SUP>/s.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12386/30296||URL:||https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/2016JE005211||ISSN:||2169-9097||DOI:||10.1002/2016JE005211||Bibcode ADS:||2017JGRE..122.1021M||Fulltext:||open|
|Appears in Collections:||1.01 Articoli in rivista|
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