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|Title:||On the occurrence of magnetic reconnection equatorward of the cusps at the Earth's magnetopause during northward IMF conditions||Authors:||Trattner, K. J.
Fuselier, S. A.
Petrinec, S. M.
Peterson, W. K.
MARCUCCI, Maria Federica
|Issue Date:||2017||Journal:||JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH. SPACE PHYSICS||Number:||122||Issue:||1||First Page:||605||Abstract:||Magnetic reconnection changes the topology of magnetic field lines. This process is most readily observable with in situ instrumentation at the Earth's magnetopause as it creates open magnetic field lines to allow energy and momentum flux to flow from the solar wind to the magnetosphere. Most models use the direction of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) to determine the location of these magnetopause entry points, known as reconnection lines. Dayside locations of magnetic reconnection equatorward of the cusps are generally found during sustained intervals of southward IMF, while high-latitude region regions poleward of the cusps are observed for northward IMF conditions. In this study we discuss Double Star magnetopause crossings and a conjunction with a Polar cusp crossing during northward IMF conditions with a dominant IMF BY component. During all seven dayside magnetopause crossings, Double Star detected switching ion beams, a known signature for the presence of reconnection lines. In addition, Polar observed a cusp ion-energy dispersion profile typical for a dayside equatorial reconnection line. Using the cutoff velocities for the precipitating and mirrored ion beams in the cusp, the distance to the reconnection site is calculated, and this distance is traced back to the magnetopause, to the vicinity of the Double Star satellite locations. Our analysis shows that, for this case, the predicted line of maximum magnetic shear also coincides with that dayside reconnection location.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12386/30698||URL:||https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/2016JA023398||ISSN:||2169-9380||DOI:||10.1002/2016JA023398||Bibcode ADS:||2017JGRA..122..605T||Fulltext:||open|
|Appears in Collections:||1.01 Articoli in rivista|
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checked on Jun 14, 2021
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