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|Title:||Massive 70 μm quiet clumps - II. Non-thermal motions driven by gravity in massive star formation?||Authors:||TRAFICANTE, ALESSIO
Fuller, G. A.
Smith, R. J.
Pineda, J. E.
|Issue Date:||2018||Journal:||MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY||Number:||473||Issue:||4||First Page:||4975||Abstract:||The dynamic activity in massive star-forming regions prior to the formation of bright protostars is still not fully investigated. In this work, we present observations of HCO<SUP>+</SUP> J = 1-0 and N<SUB>2</SUB>H<SUP>+</SUP> J = 1-0 made with the IRAM 30 m telescope towards a sample of 16 Herschel-identified massive 70 μm quiet clumps associated with infrared dark clouds. The clumps span a mass range from 300 to 2000 M<SUB>☉</SUB>. The N<SUB>2</SUB>H<SUP>+</SUP> data show that the regions have significant non-thermal motions with velocity dispersion between 0.28 and 1.5 km s<SUP>-1</SUP>, corresponding to Mach numbers between 2.6 and 11.5. The majority of the 70 μm quiet clumps have asymmetric HCO<SUP>+</SUP> line profiles, indicative of significant dynamical activity. We show that there is a correlation between the degree of line asymmetry and the surface density Σ of the clumps, with clumps of Σ ≳ 0.1 g cm<SUP>-2</SUP> having more asymmetric line profiles, and so are more dynamically active, than clumps with lower Σ. We explore the relationship between velocity dispersion, radius and Σ and show how it can be interpreted as a relationship between an acceleration generated by the gravitational field, a<SUB>G</SUB>, and the measured kinetic acceleration, a<SUB>k</SUB>, consistent with the majority of the non-thermal motions originating from self-gravity. Finally, we consider the role of external pressure and magnetic fields in the interplay of forces.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12386/30831||URL:||https://academic.oup.com/mnras/article/473/4/4975/4553529||ISSN:||0035-8711||DOI:||10.1093/mnras/stx2672||Bibcode ADS:||2018MNRAS.473.4975T||Fulltext:||open|
|Appears in Collections:||1.01 Articoli in rivista|
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checked on Jun 19, 2021
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