Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||Optical spectroscopy and photometry of the companion of the bright millisecond pulsar J 0437-4715||Authors:||Danziger, I. J.
DELLA VALLE, Massimo
|Issue Date:||1993||Journal:||ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS||Number:||276||First Page:||382||Abstract:||Absolute astrometry on two Schmidt sky survey plates and relative astrometry in a new CCD image identify a faint star as the optical counterpart of the recently discovered nearby millisecond and low-mass binary pulsar PSR J 0437- 4715. The star lies within O.2±0.4 arcsec of the pulsar's radio position and has a proper motion of 0.11±0.04 arcsec yr<SUP>-1</SUP>. Spectra show the star to be a DC-type degenerate red star with an approximate temperature of 4000 K. The absolute luminosity of such a star and its apparent V magnitude of 20.6 agree well with the radio distance based on the dispersion measure. Depending on assumptions made about the luminosity, the most probable range for the cooling age of the companion is 0.9-3.7 Gyr, i.e. longer than the published spin-down age of 0.8 Gyr of the pulsar. <P />If the latter age is correct, the difference potentially raises questions about the spin-down mechanism of millisecond pulsars, which may not be dominated by the braking effect of the magnetic dipole. The relatively old age would also support previous suggestions that the decay of pulsar magnetic fields asymptotically terminates at a level of 1O<SUP>8</SUP> - 1O<SUP>9</SUP> G. It might furthermore reduce the discrepancy between the presently observed numbers of low-mass binary pulsars and low-mass X-ray binaries which are thought to be the progenitors of the former. On the other hand, more recent radio observations suggest a dynamical age of the pulsar of 2 Gyr which agrees well with the cooling age of its companion.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12386/32665||URL:||https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1993A%26A...276..382D/abstract||ISSN:||0004-6361||Bibcode ADS:||1993A&A...276..382D||Fulltext:||open|
|Appears in Collections:||1.01 Articoli in rivista|
Show full item record
Files in This Item:
checked on Dec 7, 2022
checked on Dec 7, 2022
Items in DSpace are published in Open Access, unless otherwise indicated.